PDF HTML5 UP AND RUNNING
O'Reilly Media, Inc. HTML5: Up and Running, the image of an alpine .. Adobe are trying to establish their own postscript-based “PDF” which. Nutshell Handbook, the Nutshell Handbook logo, and the O'Reilly logo are registered trademarks of O'Reilly Media, Inc. HTML5: Up and Running, the image of. Chapter 3. Deciding and Choosing. Chapter 4. When Only the Best Will Do. PART III | WHY WE SUFFER. Chapter 5. C.
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Author Mark Pilgrim writes the weekly digest for the HTML5 Working Group, and Title HTML5: Up and Running; Author(s) Mark Pilgrim; Publisher: O'Reilly Site (3) - PDF ( pages, MB) · The Mirror Site (4) - PDF ( pages, MB) . If you don't know about the new features available in HTML5, now's the time to find out. This book provides practical information about how and why the latest. HTML5: Up and Running introduces and analyzes all the related technology of HTML5 comprehensively and in-depth. Including: bumpy.
Since this attribute is never visibly displayed, we have the perfect setup for unlimited quantities of invisible data. With great power comes great responsibility.
In this case, the responsibility is on you to ensure that this invisible data stays in sync with the visible text around it.
But organizations feature heavily in the next two case studies, events and reviews, and those are supported by Google Rich Snippets. Marking Up Events Stuff happens.
Some stuff happens at predetermined times. Google Developer Day Google Developer Days are a chance to learn about Google developer products from the engineers who built them. The URL for the Event vocabulary is http: And what are those properties? Table lists them. Event vocabulary Property Description summary The name of the event. This is a freeform string, not an enumerated attribute.
According to Table , elements have no special processing. So, all we need to do is add the itemprop attribute to declare that this element contains the name of the Event: Google Developer Day In English, this says: As you would expect, the photo is already marked up with an element. Since Table says that the property value of an element is its src attribute, the only thing we need to do is add the itemprop attribute to the element: The next bit is something new.
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Events generally occur on specific dates and start and end at specific times. So the question becomes, how do we add microdata properties to these elements? Looking back at Table , we see that the element has special processing. The value of a microdata property on a element is the value of the datetime attribute. And hey, the startDate and endDate properties of the Event vocabulary take an ISO-style date, just like the datetime property of a element. Once again, the semantics of the core HTML vocabulary dovetail nicely with the semantics of our custom microdata vocabulary.
Marking up start and end dates with microdata is as simple as: Using HTML correctly in the first place using elements to mark up dates and times 2.
Adding a single itemprop attribute: The definition of the Event vocabulary says that this can be either an Organization or an Address.
In this case, the Event is being held at a venue that specializes in conferences, the Congress Center in Prague. Marking it up as an Organization allows us to include the name of the venue as well as its address. Any microdata properties we define here are properties of the most recently scoped vocabulary. Nested vocabularies are like a stack. There are also no more properties of the Organization, so we close the element that started the Organization scope and pop the stack again: The next property is geo, to represent the physical location of the Event.
This uses the same Geo vocabulary that we used to mark up the physical location of an Organization in the previous section. We need a element to act as the container; it gets the itemtype and itemscope attributes.
HTML5: Up and Running
The last property is the url property, which should look familiar. I just mention it in passing to reiterate that a single page can have multiple events, each marked up with microdata. This one-day conference includes seminars and office hours on web technologies like Goo So how might Google choose to represent this sample page in its search results? Again, I have to preface this with the disclaimer that this is just an example; Google may change the format of its search results at any time, and there is no guarantee that Google will even pay attention to your microdata markup.
It might look like Figure Sample search result for a microdata-enhanced Event listing After the page title and autogenerated excerpt text, Google starts using the microdata markup we added to the page to display a little table of events. Note the date format: We used two fully qualified ISO-formatted strings, T Google took those two dates, figured out that they were on the same day, and decided to display a single date in a more friendly format.
Now look at the physical addresses. This is made possible by the fact that we split up the address into five subproperties—name, street-address, region, locality, and country-name—and marked up each part of the address as a different microdata property. Google takes advantage of that to show an abbreviated address.
Other consumers of the same microdata markup might make different choices about what to display or how to display it. This is a real restaurant, by the way. What are the available properties in the Review vocabulary? Review vocabulary Property Description itemreviewed The name of the item being reviewed. Can be a product, service, business, etc. Can also be a nested Rating using the http: Download from Library of Wow!
The next two properties are also straightforward. New York-style pizza right in historic downtown Apex Food is top-notch. The name of the reviewer is Mark Pilgrim, and the review date is March 31, How do we mark up these two distinct properties?
In fact, the date in this example should have been marked up with a element in the first place, so that provides a natural hook on which to hang our itemprop attribute. The reviewer name can just be wrapped in a dummy element: The trickiest part of marking up a review is the rating. But what if you want to use a different scale? Oh yes, it can. Atmosphere is just right Further Reading Microdata resources: Read Chapter 2 for a conceptual introduction.
Want an all-in-one library instead? Try Modernizr. List of Elements http: Worker; Undo http: Send email to index oreilly. He specializes in open source and open standards.
Mark is the author of several technical books, including Dive Into Python APress and Dive Into Accessibility, a free online tutorial on web accessibility. He lives in North Carolina with his wife, two boys, and a big slobbery dog.
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It's browser-based so it works the same on all desktop systems, but syncs across desktops and mobile devices. It has so much free stuff, you may get confused. But you can detect support for individual features, like canvas, video, or geolocation. You may think of HTML as tags and angle brackets. You can use this API to detect support for different video formats, play a video, pause, mute audio , track how much of the video has been downloaded, and everything else you need to build a rich user experience around the video tag itself.
HTML5 builds on that success. Some of these are long-overdue additions like sliders and date pickers; others are more subtle. For example, the email input type looks just like a text box, but mobile browsers will customize their onscreen keyboard to make it easier to type email addresses. This means you can start improving your web forms today, even if some of your visitors are stuck on IE 6.
The doctype should already be on the first line of every HTML page. Previous versions of HTML defined a lot of doctypes, and choosing the right one could be tricky.Notating the address property is easy. LogMeOnce's claim to fame is to be utterly "passwordless.
He lives in North Carolina with his better half, two young men, and a major slobbery puppy.
Google, Inc. The value of the property is Mark Pilgrim. If there is a way to display or render the data you care about, you should do so. Table Miscellaneous Books.
This book provides practical information about how and why the latest version of this markup language will significantly change the way you develop for the Web. Like the rest of HTML5, microdata is an open standard that anyone can implement.
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