Manuals Blank Slate Pdf


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The Blank Slate: The Modern Denial of Human Nature · Read more The Slate programmer's reference manual · Read more. THE BLANK SLATE. Steven Pinker is Johnstone Professor of Psychology at Harvard University. His research on visual cognition and the psychology of. PENGUIN BOOKS THE BLANK SLATE Steven Pinker is Johnstone Professor of Psychology at Harvard University. His research on visual cognition and the.

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Uploaded by: KARIN Steven Pinker – The Blank Slate The Modern Denial of. The Blank Slate, and in my talk today, I suggest that the standard secular theory of human For his book, The Blank Slate: The Modern Denial of Human Na-. STEVEN PINKER is professor in the department of brain and cognitive sciences and director of the McConnell-Pew. Center for Cognitive Neuroscience at the.

The Researcher as Blank Slate. Any discussion of GTM is complicated by the fact that the founders continued developing the method over the years independently of each other. Essentially the disagreement revolved around the guidelines published in the Strauss and Corbin book.

While a detailed discussion is outside the scope of this paper, it is important that those using GTM are aware of the split between Glaser and Strauss as the two strands have evolved quite differently. Full use of the method, using the method to generate concepts, mixing grounded theory with other research methods, and mislabeled as GTM, i.

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Researchers that made full use of the method usually produced a theory covering a substantive area, i. Concepts were linked, building the theory, and this generally led to strong papers. None of the articles attempted to articulate a formal theory.

Some of the articles used GTM to generate concepts that were then used for surveys. Some articles mixed GTM with other methods — the most notable and successful being Baskerville and Pries-Heje , where the grounded theory generation was combined with action research. This category is common in the health discipline, where GTM is often equated with qualitative research in general Benoliel There is a sense in which GTM, as a well respected coding method, provides a convenient imprimatur for any coding of data, even if the method itself has not been followed.

Hirschheim and Newman use the definition of myth from Trice and Beyer Also, an unquestioned belief about the practical benefits of certain techniques and behaviors which is not supported by the demonstrated facts. Myths can have many different aspects. Bolman and Deal , in Hirshheim and Newman identify different functions of myths: We would say that most myths surrounding GTM use are directed at communicating unconscious and conscious? GTM is then closed off as an approach for dissertations, which cuts down on the plurality of research method and subject that has come to mark IS research as a discipline in recent times.

The motivation for this paper comes from our direct and shared experience of such myths. The authors met as a result of one author seeking information and support for the use of GTM in a dissertation.

We can both furnish many emails from postgraduate students around the world, seeking help to justify the use of GTM for their dissertations and seeking support in the coding process. This paper is written to help people wanting to use GTM who find that certain myths are a barrier to that use. It is also aimed at experienced academics who may unwittingly be perpetuating those myths, and anyone curious about the potential of GTM as a method for qualitative research.

The most pervasive myths about GTM, that in our view prevent its more frequent use in qualitative research, are set down below.

Myth 1: Selden then goes on to say that he put their readings in mental brackets.

This is entirely consistent with Strauss , who says that the advice about delaying the scrutiny of related literature applies less so to experienced researchers, as they are more practiced at subjecting theoretical statements to comparative analysis. Like most myths, the idea of the researcher as blank slate, has at its base a kernel of truth. However, it is more accurate to say that grounded theory research does not start with a theory to prove or disprove.

Walsham expresses our view of this succinctly when he says that it is possible to access existing knowledge of theory without being trapped in the view that it represents the final truth in that area. The Researcher as Blank Slate It is difficult, if not utterly impossible, for the PhD candidate to avoid reviewing the literature for many good reasons, including passing the research committee review.

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The appropriate use of the literature in GTM is a question of phasing Martin The first phase is noncommittal in which the researcher develops sensitivity and finds the problem. The second phase is integrative in which the researcher integrates the emergent theory with extant theories to render the new theory in the context of existing knowledge and thus making the theory more valuable.

Our own experience leads us to think that the tactic of a preliminary noncommittal literature review works well when using grounded theory. The preliminary literature review examines what theory exists in the area and how other people may have addressed aspects of a research problem but does not then impose a framework on future data collection.

Importantly, this preliminary literature review is conducted on the understanding that it is the generated theory that will determine the relevance of the literature.

The literature review is revisited, and extended, once the theory has been generated from the data. The notion of a preliminary literature review helps graduate students embarking on a dissertation, as it provides a way to conform with departmental or school requirements, while its draft or preliminary status indicates to the student that this is not a final statement on theory in the area. Indeed, the whole point is to generate theory that will engage with the literature review in a critical manner.

In our view, the idea that GTM is not rigorous because of delayed literature reviewing is most unfortunate, as the very crux of GTM is the rigorous generation of theory using systematic procedure. All the texts of GTM stress the need to engage the resultant theory with the literature.

Myth 2: The dictum about literature is erroneously seen as one inflexibility about GTM that makes it difficult to use. For instance, Allan talks of both the difficulty of putting aside preconceptions and coding at a micro level. Allan then concludes that both these difficulties were satisfactorily resolved. Some of these notions of inflexibility may have come from applying the Strauss and Corbin guidelines.

Steven Pinker The Blank Slate The Modern Denial Of Human Nature

For instance, Hansen and Kautz , Melia and Kendall report difficulties in using the Strauss and Corbin paradigm. The notion that GTM is inflexible is not borne out when one considers its widespread use in all disciplines. As in IS, disciplines such as health have reported that many researchers adopt GTM for a purpose other than developing theory, generally data analysis Benoliel A common use for GTM in the health field, for instance, is the generation of questionnaire constructs.

This can be seen as combining theory building the aim of the method with theory testing. GTM has great strengths as a stand-alone coding method, since the stages are well sign posted for the novice researcher Urquhart One concern is that IS researchers may not be leveraging the undoubted potential of that coding method to generate good substantive theories that contribute to our discipline. Myth 3: This produces rich theory with a very close tie to the data, and this is a major strength of GTM.

The close tie to the data means that the theory will be substantive, i. However, because a low-level theory is produced does not mean that there is no possibility of scaling that theory up, and indeed GTM places an obligation on the researcher to do so. In fact, Glaser and Strauss acknowledged from the beginning that substantive theory development can and should shade into formal theories.

They devoted a whole chapter in their book to this issue. Strauss talks about the obligation, having produced a substantive theory, to wrestle with other theories. Glaser suggests several routes to extending and scaling up the theory, including considering similar theories and data in similar substantive areas, and how the substantive theory relates to formal models and processes. Barash wrote "Pinker's thinking and writing are first-rate I won't say it is better than The Language Instinct or How the Mind Works, but it is as good—which is very high praise indeed.

Schlinger wrote two critical reviews of the book that emphasized the importance of learning. Ludvig, criticized Pinker's description of behaviorism and insights into behaviorist research. Allen Orr argued that Pinker's work often lacks scientific rigor, and suggests that it is "soft science". He wrote: "perhaps the most damaging weakness in books of the generic Blank Slate kind is their intellectual dishonesty evident in the misrepresentation of the views of others , combined with a faith in simple solutions to complex problems.

The Blank Slate Key Idea #1: There have been three popular but faulty theories about human nature.

The paucity of nuance in the book is astonishing. He argued that this belief was "a caricature Human nature did not change in , or in any year thereafter. Sort by: Featured Best Selling Alphabetically: A-Z Alphabetically: Z-A Price: Low to High Price: High to Low Date: New to Old Date: Old to New. Quick Shop.

The Blank Slate

Add to Cart.The literature review is revisited, and extended, once the theory has been generated from the data. The idea that men are born with selfish sexual impulses that can result in sexual assault is a primary concern in feminism. GTM is now prevalent in sociology and health disciplines, and much more recently, has been adopted by IS researchers e.

But the idea that the minds of women and men are interchangeable is flawed in many ways. If the mind were blank, all it would be capable of doing is passively recording sight and sound like a video camera.