Manuals Agriculture In India Pdf


Wednesday, July 31, 2019

This report provides an overview of the state of agriculture in India. It discusses factors related to the production and post-harvest activities in agriculture. Economic Development and. Agriculture in India. Adam Cagliarini and Anthony Rush*. This article discusses the key developments in the agricultural sector in. Agriculture has been the backbone of the Indian economy and it will Indian agriculture is characterized by agro-ecological diversities in soil.

Agriculture In India Pdf

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PDF | Agriculture in India today is constrained by various factors. We have created history by producing million MT of food grains in , but this has. The sector continues to be the single largest contributor to the. Indian economy even though its contribution to GDP has declined since the country's. agricultural activity. Two-thirds of India's population is still dependent on agriculture. Favourable topography of soil and climate are vital for agricultural activity.

Indian agriculture includes a mix of traditional to modern farming techniques.

In some parts of India, traditional use of cattle to plough remains in use. Traditional farms have some of the lowest per capita productivities and farmer incomes. Slow agricultural growth is a concern for policymakers as some two-thirds of India's people depend on rural employment for a living.

Current agricultural practices are neither economically nor environmentally sustainable and India's yields for many agricultural commodities are low. Poorly maintained irrigation systems and almost universal lack of good extension services are among the factors responsible.

Agriculture in India

Farmers' access to markets is hampered by poor roads, rudimentary market infrastructure, and excessive regulation. In the past decade, the country has witnessed accelerated economic growth, emerged as a global player with the world's fourth largest economy in downloading power parity terms, and made progress towards achieving most of the Millennium Development Goals.

India's integration into the global economy has been accompanied by impressive economic growth that has brought significant economic and social benefits to the country. Nevertheless, disparities in income and human development are on the rise. Going forward, it will be essential for India to build a productive, competitive, and diversified agricultural sector and facilitate rural, non-farm entrepreneurship and employment.


Encouraging policies that promote competition in agricultural marketing will ensure that farmers receive better prices. For food staples, the annual growth rate in production during the six-year segments , —82, —88, —, were found to be respectively 2.

Corresponding analyses for the index of total agricultural production show a similar pattern, with the growth rate for attaining only 1. A recent study showed that proper pricing based on energy of production and equating farming wages to Industrial wages may be beneficial for the farmers. Irrigation systems are inadequate, leading to crop failures in some parts of the country because of lack of water.

Indian wheat farms, for example, produce about a third of the wheat per hectare per year compared to farms in France. Rice productivity in India was less than half that of China.

Other staples productivity in India is similarly low. Several studies suggest India could eradicate its hunger and malnutrition and be a major source of food for the world by achieving productivity comparable with other countries. Some states produce two to three times more grain per acre than others. Supply of raw material to agro-based industries: Agriculture supplies raw materials to various agro-based industries like sugar, jute, cotton textile and vanaspati industries.

Food processing industries are similarly dependent on agriculture. Therefore the development of these industries entirely is dependent on agriculture. Market for industrial products: Increase in rural downloading power is very necessary for industrial development as two- thirds of Indian population live in villages. After green revolution the downloading power of the large farmers increased due to their enhanced income and negligible tax burden.

History Agriculture India 1

Influence on internal and external trade and commerce: Indian agriculture plays a vital role in internal and external trade of the country. Internal trade in food-grains and other agricultural products helps in the expansion of service sector.

Contribution in government budget: Right from the First Five Year Plan agriculture is considered as the prime revenue collecting sector for the both central and state budgets. However, the governments earn huge revenue from agriculture and its allied activities like cattle rearing, animal husbandry, poultry farming, fishing etc.

Agriculture in India

Indian railway along with the state transport system also earn a handsome revenue as freight charges for agricultural products, both-semi finished and finished ones. Need of labour force: A large number of skilled and unskilled labourers are required for the construction works and in other fields.

This labour is supplied by Indian agriculture. Greater competitive advantages: Indian agriculture has a cost advantage in several agricultural commodities in the export sector because of low labour costs and self- sufficiency in input supply.Food travels to the Indian consumer through a slow and inefficient chain of traders.

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In The ICAR is the apex body in agriculture and related allied fields, including research and education. There has been a substantial increase in available food-grain per capita. Indian cuisine portal. Retrieved from " https: This page was last edited on 13 April , at